3PL, 4PL Y EL FUTURO DE LA EXTERNALIZACIÓN LOGÍSTICA

3PL, Third Party Logistics o Logística Tercerizada. 4PL y, cada vez más, 5PL. Estos términos llevan tiempo siendo muy frecuentes en el mundo de la logística y del trasporte, pero aún son muchos los que no tienen claro a qué se refieren y cuáles son las diferencias entre ellos. Para ayudar a aclararlo hemos preparado este artículo, que será especialmente útil para aquellos que se estén planteando la mejor manera de externalizar la logística de su empresa.

En primer lugar, aunque 3PL sea la expresión más utilizada, es importante recordar que esta numeración empieza desde el 1PL. El número que precede al PL hace referencia al nivel de externalización logística de la empresa (cuanto más bajo, menor externalización):

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Difference between Master and House Bill of Lading

A Bill of Lading maybe issued as a House Bill of Lading or a Master Bill of Lading.

A House Bill of Lading (HBL) is issued by an NVOCC operator, or a Freight Forwarder to their customers.

A Master Bill of Lading (MBL) is issued by the Shipping Line (Carrier) to the NVOCC Operator, or Freight Forwarder.

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Understanding the 3 New Ocean Carrier Shipping Alliances

Learn How the New Carrier Alliances Affect Your Ocean Freight Contracts and/or Shipments.

The new ocean carrier shipping alliances are fully operational as of April 2017. These 3 carrier alliances represent nearly 80% of global container trade and roughly 90% of container capacity on major trade routes. The main trade lane that is highly affected by this change and the main reason for the new alliances is the North America-Asia a.k.a. “East-West” trade lane between the Far East and North America which will represent 96% of East-West trade. This post is focused more on the trade routes that related to North America.

If you employ an NVOCC or international freight forwarder to handle your ocean freight, or negotiate your carrier contracts on your behalf, this information will be useful in your decision making.

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Difference between Multimodal and Intermodal Shipping

First, let’s start off with a few definitions:
Multimodal: Multimodal transport (also known as combined transport) is the transportation of goods under a single contract, but performed with at least two different means of transport; the carrier is liable (in a legal sense) for the entire carriage, even though it is performed by several different modes of transport (by rail, sea and road, for example). The carrier does not have to possess all the means of transport and in practice usually does not; the carriage is often performed by sub-carriers (referred to in legal language as “actual carriers”). The carrier responsible for the entire carriage is referred to as a multimodal transport operator, or MTO.
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